I-jumbo jet yokugcina engu-747 isanda kuphuma emgqeni we-Boeing


I-New York
Ibhizinisi le-CNN

Ngemuva kweminyaka engama-53 kanye nezindiza ezingaphezu kuka-1,570, i-Boeing 747 yokugcina yaphuma emgqeni womhlangano esifundazweni saseWashington ngoLwesibili kusihlwa, isendleleni izosebenza njengendiza ethwala impahla.

I-jumbo jet eyake yaba phansi, eneqhuqhumba elihlukile lesitezi sesibili, mhlawumbe iyindiza ephawuleka kakhulu nedume kakhulu eyake yakhiwa i-Boeing. Yayinkulu ngokwanele ukuthi isetshenziselwe ukuthutha i-Space Shuttle isuka ezindaweni zokufika eCalifornia iye endaweni yayo yokwethulwa eFlorida. Futhi isethelwe ukwethula uhlobo olusha lwe umkhumbi-mkhathi nge-Virgin Orbit ngokushesha nje ngesonto elizayo, ngemva kokuyiphakamisa phezulu ngaphansi kwephiko layo.

I-747 yake yaba ukukhethwa kwabacebile nabanobukhazikhazi, ngisho nabasebukhosini. Amamuvi amaningi, okuhlanganisa neyakudala ka-James Bond yango-1973 ethi “Live and Let Die” afaka indiza, noma amasethi enziwe ukuze abukeke njengendawo yokuphumula yekilasi lokuqala ezingeni layo eliphezulu. I-747 isasebenza njenge-Air Force One, njengoba yenze kusukela ngo-1990. Izindiza ezimbili esezihlanganisiwe zisasebenza khona manje ukuze ziguqulwe zibe isizukulwane esilandelayo sejethi likamongameli. Lezo zindiza ngeke zilethwe okungenani iminyaka emine ngenxa yokubambezeleka.

I-Boeing 747 yokugcina ishiye imboni yenkampani ebanzi e-Everett, Washington, ngoLwesibili ebusuku.  Izolethwa kwa-Atlas Air ukuze isetshenziswe njengomkhumbi wezimpahla ekuqaleni konyaka ozayo.

Ngaphandle kwalokho kusetshenziswa, izinsuku ezingama-747 njengendiza yabagibeli manje sezicishe zayilandela ngokuphelele. Izinkampani zezindiza zisukile ezindizeni ezinezinjini ezine ezidla uphethiloli njenge-747. Rival Airbus

(EADSF)
yehlisa eyakhe ijethi yejumbo enamazinga amabilii-A380, ngo-2019.

I-Boeing yayisayine ngo-2020 ukuthi izoyeka ukwakha i-747, noma isesimweni sayo esithwala impahla, njengoba amakhasimende ethenga i-777 eyonga uphethiloli kakhudlwana noma onge imali ngokulungisa kabusha amajethi ahamba abagibeli angu-747 njengawokuthutha impahla. Ayikazimemezeli izinhlelo zefektri e-Everett, eWashington, lapho kade yakha khona i-747, kodwa ilindele ukuyigcina ivuliwe. Ukuze kwakhiwe le ndiza enkulukazi lesi sikhungo singama-cubic feet angu-200 million, okuyinto iBoeing ethi iyenza ibe yisakhiwo esikhulu kunazo zonke emhlabeni ngomthamo.

Izinhlobo zabagibeli zendiza zingathwala abagibeli abaphakathi kuka-400 kuya ku-500, ezingeni eliphezulu cishe abagibeli abaningi ngokuphindwe kabili kuneyodwa yezindiza ezibanzi zamanje ze-Boeing, i-787-8 Dreamliner. Kodwa i-Boeing ayikakhi inguqulo yabagibeli ye-747 kusukela yaletha eyokugcina ku-Korean Airlines ngo-2017. Le 747 yokugcina izoya ku-Atlas Air Worldwide Holdings

(AWU)
, ezosebenzisa indiza yenkampani yaseSwitzerland iKuehne+Nagel. Indiza yokugcina yangoLwesibili izothunyelwa kwesinye isitolo seBoeing ukuyopenda neminye imininingwane yokugcina, ngaphambi kokuthi ihanjiswe kwa-Atlas ekuqaleni konyaka ozayo.

Namuhla kunezinhlobo ezingu-44 kuphela zabagibeli ze-747 ezisasebenza, ngokusho kwenkampani yokuhlaziya izindiza i-Cirium. Ingxenye engaphezu kwengxenye yalabo – 25 – indiza Lufthansa.

Leli nani lehlile lisuka kwabangaphezu kwe-130 enkonzweni njengamajethi abagibeli ekupheleni konyaka ka-2019, ngaphambi nje kokuba ubhubhane luphazamise isidingo sokuhamba ngendiza, ikakhulukazi emizileni yamazwe ngamazwe lapho kwakusetshenziswa khona amajethi angama-747 namanye abanzi. Iningi lalezo zinhlobo zabagibeli zamajethi zamiswa phakathi nezinyanga zokuqala zobhubhane futhi zangabe zisabuyela emsebenzini.

Kodwa kusenemikhumbi engu-314 747 esetshenziswayo, ngokusho kwe-Cirium, eminingi yayo ekuqaleni eyayisetshenziswa njengamajethi abagibeli ngaphambi kokuba ilungiswe ibe yimikhumbi ethwala impahla.

“I-747-8 iyindiza enamandla ngendlela emangalisayo, enekhono elingenakuqhathaniswa nanoma yimuphi omunye umkhumbi okhiqizwayo,” kusho i-UPS ngo-2020, ngesikhathi i-Boeing isayina ngokushesha ayeke ukwakha indiza. “Ngomthwalo okhokhelwayo ongu-307,000 lbs., siwasebenzisa emizileni emide, enevolumu ephezulu, exhuma e-Asia, eNyakatho Melika, eYurophu naseMpumalanga Ephakathi.”

Inguqulo yamanje ye-747 ingamamitha angu-250 kanye namayintshi angu-2 ubude, indiza yezohwebo ende kunazo zonke manje esebenzayo, noma cishe kabili ubude bendiza yokuqala ye-Wright Brothers. Inamaphiko amafidi angama-224 namayintshi angu-5.

I-Boeing yethula amajethi abagibeli okuqala angama-747 ngoDisemba 1969 ezinhlanganweni zezindiza ezimbili ezingasekho – i-TWA nePan Am. I-Delta Air Lines

(DAL)
kwakuyindiza yokugcina yase-US ukushayela uhlobo lwabagibeli bendiza, futhi ngo-2017. Lowo bekuwunyaka wokugcina izindiza zokugcina zabagibeli zase-US 747 – zombili i-Delta ne-United.

(UAL)
– idonse izixuku zabalandeli bendiza, okufakazela ukuthandwa kwayo okuhlala njalo.

– UJackie Wattles we-CNN ufake isandla kulo mbiko

Ukulungiswa: Inguqulo yangaphambilini yalesi sihloko iveze ukuthi inkampani eyi-Virgin engalungile isebenzisa i-747 ukwethula amarokhethi emkhathini.

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