Ukuhlaziywa: I-Turkey ivimba ukwanda kwe-NATO. Kungase kubuyisele emuva futhi kunikeze uPutin umkhankaso we-propaganda



CNN

Lapho Sweden futhi I-Finland bamemezele inhloso yabo yokujoyina I-NATO ngo-May odlule, kwabonwa abaningi njengokuphonsela inselelo iRussia nobufakazi boshintsho ekucabangeni kwaseYurophu. Ngokomlando, womabili la mazwe ayezibophezele ekungahlangani ne-NATO njengendlela yokugwema ukucasula iMoscow. Ukuhlasela kwe-Ukraine kwakushintsha lokho.

Kokubili eFinland naseSweden – kanye nenqwaba yabalingani be-NATO – bangathanda ukubona amazwe ejoyina ngokusemthethweni umfelandawonye engqungqutheleni ye-NATO ngoJulayi 11. Nokho, isithiyo esibalulekile simi endleleni yokuthi lokhu kube ngokoqobo: I-Turkey ayikanikezi lolu hlelo. isibusiso sayo esisemthethweni nesisemthethweni.

I-Turkey akusona ukuphela kwesizwe esivimbe umnyakazo: IHungary futhi yehlulekile ukuvuma ukungena kweNordics okuqhubeka nodaka emanzini. Kodwa-ke, njengamanje ukuthola iTurkey ohlangothini kubhekwa njengento ehamba phambili.

Ngeshwa iqembu lezigelekeqe elisekela i-NATO, izikhulu zaseNtshonalanga ziya ngokuya zingenathemba lokuthi iTurkey izonyakaza.

Ngokusemthethweni, uMongameli waseTurkey u-Recep Tayyip Erdoğan uyaphikisana nobulungu beSweden kanye nobulungu baseFinland kulokho athi kuyizizathu zokuphepha. ITurkey ithi womabili la mazwe, nakuba ikakhulukazi iSweden, afukamele amasosha eqembu elivinjelwe iKurdistan Workers Party (PKK), okuyiqembu eliqokiwe labashokobezi eTurkey, eSweden, e-United States naseYurophu. U-Erdogan uthi angathanda ukuthi laba bantu babuyiselwe kwamanye amazwe; ISweden ikubeke kwacaca ukuthi lokhu ngeke kwenzeke.

Osomaqhinga be-NATO bahlukene phakathi ngokuthi bacabanga ukuthi iTurkey izonyakaza yini ngaphambi kwengqungquthela kaJulayi. Okubalulekile kuzo zombili izikole zomcabango wukhetho lwalo nyaka lwaseTurkey, oluthathwa njengosongo olukhulu lwezepolitiki u-Erdogan abhekane nalo eminyakeni edlule.

UNobhala-Jikelele we-NATO uJens Stoltenberg uhlangana nongqongqoshe bezangaphandle baseSweden nabaseFinnish ngoJulayi 2022. Omunye umkhulumeli we-NATO utshele i-CNN ukuthi kungenzeka ukuthi iFinland iyaphuma eSweden futhi iyodwa ubulungu.

“Isithombe asidalile sendoda enamandla etholela abantu baseTurkey imiphumela sishabalala,” kuchaza uGonul Tol wohlelo lwaseTurkey lwe-Middle East Institute. “Kunemizwa eminingi emelene neNtshonalanga kanye ne-anti-Kurd eTurkey njengamanje. Lesi yisihloko esihle kuyena ukuthi ashaye isigubhu sakhe futhi ukujika kwe-U okumangalisayo kuzomenza abukeke ebuthaka.”

UTol ukholelwa ukuthi kunezinye izizathu ezenza u-Erdogan angafuni ukucasula uMengameli waseRussia uVladimir Putin.

“Izwe laseRussia libe yinsizakalo yezomnotho eTurkey ngemuva kokuthi amanye amazwe efake unswinyo ngemisebenzi yawo eSyria, ukusebenzisana kwawo neRussia kanye neminye imisebenzi enobutha,” kuchaza uTol. “Ngaphandle kwemali yaseRussia, u-Erdogan ubengeke akwazi ukunyusa amaholo noma anikeze abafundi uxhaso lwezimali. Manje uthembisa ukwakhiwa kabusha kwenqwaba, ngemva kokuzamazama komhlaba. Ngakho-ke iRussia isengumlingani okhangayo ka-Erdogan. ”

Njengezikhulu eziningi zaseNtshonalanga, u-Tol ukholelwa ukuthi izimangalo zaseTurkey mayelana neSweden neFinland eziphethe amaphekula zinikeza ikhava ephelele ukuze u-Erdogan angazibandakanyi ngesikhathi esinezingqinamba zezombusazwe embuzweni we-NATO.

Yize kungekho okungase kuqhamuke ezingxoxweni ezizoba phakathi kwamaqembu amathathu ngoLwesine, kunengxoxo emayelana nokuthi inhloko-dolobha yezombusazwe u-Erdogan angase asebenzise malini ngemva kokhetho, uma engawina.

Okokuqala, abanethemba lokuhle.

Leli qembu lihlanganisa iSweden, iFinland nezinye zezifunda ezingasemngceleni weRussia noma ezazihlala ngaphansi kweSoviet sphere. Bakholelwa ukuthi iTurkey, ezuza kakhulu ngokuba yingxenye ye-NATO, ekugcineni izokwenza lokho okuthakaselwayo futhi yehlise ukuphikisa.

Ukuze lokhu kwenzeke, izikhulu zibhekela iTurkey ukuthi yenze izimfuno ezinengqondo kunokunikeza abantu ebabona njengabashokobezi, njengokwesula unswinyo noma i-US ivumele iTurkey ukuthi ithenge izindiza zempi izwe elidinga kakhulu ukuzigcina. amandla ayo asemoyeni asesikhathini samanje.

Ekugcineni, abanethemba lokuhle bakholelwa ukuthi kukhona ukuvumelana okuvuna kakhulu i-NATO. Umfelandawonye, ​​iSweden neFinland ziye zaluveza udaba lwazo futhi i-NATO inomgomo wokuvula umnyango wanoma yiliphi izwe elifuna ukujoyina. I-Sweden ne-Finland zingaphezu kokuhlangabezana nemibandela, ngakho-ke ukungajoyini kwenza inhlekisa ngomfelandawonye – umfelandawonye iTurkey ezuza ngokuba yilungu. Esinye isikhulu se-NATO sitshele i-CNN ukuthi bacabanga ukuthi u-Erdogan uzolinda ingqungquthela ngaphambi kokuvuma ukuze akwazi ukuhalalisela “udumo lwabo bonke ababambisene naye baseNtshonalanga.”

Iqembu elikhulu kunawo wonke phakathi kwezikhulu ezikhulume ne-CNN lingabantu abangenathemba. Bacabanga ukuthi amathuba okuthi u-Erdogan ashintshe isikhundla sakhe ngaphambi kukaJulayi 11 mahle njengoziro futhi sebevele becabanga ngale kwaleyo ngqungquthela.

“Ngicabanga ukuthi maningi amathuba okuthi iFinland ihlukane neSweden bese izihambela yodwa,” kusho isikhulu se-NATO sitshela i-CNN.

Amanye amalungu omfelandawonye asabona ithemba langempela lokuthi womabili la mazwe avinjiwe futhi acubungula ukuthi i-NATO ingasisingatha kanjani lesi simo esingcono kakhulu.

Izikhulu eziningi ze-NATO kanye nezikhulu zitshele i-CNN ukuthi ingozi lapha i-block yaseTurkey idla ukulandisa kwe-Kremlin ukuthi iNtshonalanga ne-NATO ihlukene. Umsebenzi womfelandawonye ngaleso sikhathi kuzoba wukucacisa ukuthi noma bengewona amalungu, iFinland neSweden manje sebevaleleke ngempumelelo neNATO. Bangase bangabi amalungu, kodwa bangabalingane abasondelene kakhulu ngangokunokwenzeka – futhi abasenawo uhlangothi.

UNdunankulu waseHungary uViktor Orban uthathwa njengomholi we-EU osondelene kakhulu noMongameli waseRussia uVladimir Putin.

Noma ngabe iTurkey ingahle iphindwe kabili, kunendaba ehlukile, noma enzima kakhulu yeHungary.

UNdunankulu uViktor Orban useveze esidlangalaleni ukuthi akaphikisani nokuthi amazwe aseNordic ajoyine, kodwa uyaqhubeka nokuthola izindlela zokumisa isinqumo esisemthethweni.

Kunezizathu ezimbalwa u-Orban azofuna ukuhudula izinyawo zakhe. IFinland neSweden womabili ayigxekile iHungary ngerekhodi layo lomthetho. Ukhulume ngalokhu engxoxweni yakamuva, ebuza ukuthi “umuntu angafuna kanjani ukuba umbimbi wethu ohlelweni lwezempi kuyilapho esakaza amanga ngokungenamahloni ngeHungary?”

U-Orban uthathwa njengomholi we-EU osondelene kakhulu noPutin. U-Katalin Cseh, oyiLungu laseHungary lePhalamende laseYurophu, uchaza ukuvimba kuka-Orban amabhidi aseSweden naseFinland “njengokulula nje, okunye okuhle kuVladimir Putin.” Ukholelwa ukuthi u-Orban, osolwa ngokuphambukela ebuholini obunobushiqela, “usetshale imali iminyaka eyishumi ukuze akopishe izinqubomgomo zakhe futhi akhe imodeli yamaPutin,” nokuthi noma yikuphi okubonwayo ukuthi i-NATO inqoba uPutin “kubeka wonke umbuso wakhe engcupheni.”

Kungenzeka ukuthi u-Orban ulindile ukuze athole imvume kwamanye amazwe angamalungu e-EU, lapho iHungary isolwa ngokwephula zonke izinhlobo zemithetho ye-EU. Umphumela ube ukugodlwa kwezimali ze-EU kanye nokudelelwa yi-bloc. Nakuba i-NATO kanye ne-EU kuyizinhlangano ezihlukene, babelana ngamalungu amaningi futhi kubonakala sengathi i-diplomacy yamazwe amabili ingabona ukupha nokuthatha phakathi kweHungary nozakwabo be-EU.

Kukho konke ukuhudula izinyawo kuka-Orban, nokho, kucatshangwa kabanzi ukuthi uma iTurkey ingaphinda iphindwe, iHungary izoyeka ukuphikisa iFinland neSweden ijoyine iNATO.

Indida ayikalahleki kwabaningi ukuthi esinye sezizathu eziyinhloko uPutin azinikeza ngokuhlasela i-Ukraine kwakuwukumisa lokho ayethi ukunwetshwa kwe-NATO. Iqiniso lokuthi ulaka lwakhe lungahle luqhubekisele phambili izwe elalingahlangene nomlando ku-NATO lisabonwa ngabaningi eNtshonalanga njengomgomo omkhulu we-Kremlin.

Nokho, kuze kube kufinyelelwa esivumelwaneni, ikusasa lomfelandawonye lisalokhu lisemoyeni. IFinland neSweden bakhethe uhlangothi ngempumelelo kusukela kuqale ingxabano yase-Ukraine. Kubonakala kungenakwenzeka ukuthi bazobuyela esimweni sokungathathi hlangothi uma impi ingase iphele ngokuzumayo.

Ingozi ye-NATO kanye nomfelandawonye obanzi waseNtshonalanga iza uma behluleka ukujoyina umfelandawonye futhi i-Kremlin ingayisebenzisela izinjongo zenkulumo-ze. Uma lokho kwenzeka, ngisho noma impi iphela ngokuzumayo, ukulandisa kweNtshonalanga ehlukene kuzoqhubeka kube yisigubhu abaphikisi be-NATO abangayishaya.