Abaqashi base-UK bazizwa benobunzima bokulahlekelwa abasebenzi abanamakhono


Ekhungathekile ngohlelo lwezemfundo lwase-England, uSimon Biltcliffe uchitha isikhathi esiningi eqeqesha abaqashi abasha enkampanini yakhe yezokukhangisa “ngamakhono athambile” yena nabaqashi abaningi bathi umnotho wezwe ontengayo udinga kabi.

Ukuthola ukuthi abaqalayo abasha bavame ukubhekana nobunzima bokucabanga ngezinyawo zabo, ubabekela izinselelo zasemsebenzini ukuze bafunde ukuxazulula izinkinga ngejubane nasemaqenjini. Abaningi abavumelani nezimo, okuholela ekunciphiseni okukhulu ngemva kokubuyekezwa kwezinyanga ezintathu neziyisithupha.

EBrithani yonkana, ukukhungatheka kukaBiltcliffe kwabelwa amabhizinisi athi izikole zezwe, amakolishi ezobuchwepheshe kanye nezinhlelo zokufunda azibakhiphi abasebenzi ababadingayo, kusukela kumakhodi wesoftware nabaqambi kuya kosomishini abanamakhono.

“Kumele kube noshintsho,” kusho uBiltcliffe, ekhuluma emahhovisi eWebmart – oweluleka amakhasimende mayelana nekhabhoni yemisebenzi yawo yokumaketha – endaweni yezimboni eBarnsley, idolobha langaphambili lamalahle enyakatho yeNgilandi. Amabhizinisi angomakhelwane ahlanganisa inkampani yezokuvikela ye-IT nezinye izinkampani eziqhelelene nezimbiwa phansi zesifunda.

U-Biltcliffe uchaze uhlelo lwezemfundo njengokuthi “alifanele injongo” emnothweni oshintshayo lapho ukukhula kokuzenzakalela kanye nobuhlakani bokwenziwa kuzokwenza amakhono okudala nokuzivumelanisa nezimo kubaluleke kakhulu.

Ngenkathi iBrithani inamanyuvesi ahamba phambili emhlabeni wonke, ososayensi abaphezulu kanye nenani elikhulayo labantu abasha abaqhubeka nezifundo zemfundo ngemuva kweminyaka engu-18, ngaphansi kwengxenye yesihlanu kwabaneminyaka engu-25-64 ubudala baneziqu zemisebenzi, uma kuqhathaniswa nengxenye engaphezu kwengxenye eJalimane, ngokusho kombiko. iNhlangano Yokubambisana Kwezomnotho Nentuthuko.

Ungqongqoshe wezeziMali uJeremy Hunt kulindeleke ukuthi abhekane nalokhu kushoda kwamakhono esitatimendeni sesabelomali ngoLwesithathu azosihlela njengohlelo lokukhula komnotho waseBrithani – okusewukuphela kweQembu Labayisikhombisa osazobuyisa usayizi walo bhubhane lwangaphambi kwe-coronavirus.

Kodwa imizamo edlule yokuqeqesha abasebenzi abengeziwe ibone inkinga iba yimbi ngezinyathelo ezithile, futhi noma yikuphi ukuthuthukiswa okukhulu ohlelweni lwamakhono angemuva kweminyaka eyi-16 kungenzeka kuthathe iminyaka.

Ukuswelakala kwezisebenzi eziqeqetshayo akumelanga kweleBhilithane kuphela kodwa kubhebhethekiswe yikuphuma kwelizwe kumanyano weEuropean Union, osekudale amanye amaphepha kanye lendleko kubaqashi abaqatsha izisebenzi kunhlanganiso le. Lokho kube nomthelela ekwandeni kwezikhala zezikhala ezingagcwalisiwe ukuze kuqoshwe amazinga ngonyaka odlule.

Izindima zedijithali zikhula ngokushesha okuphindwe kane kunabasebenzi bebonke, futhi kunezikhala zezikhala eziyi-173,000 ngenyanga zemisebenzi yedijithali, okubiza umnotho amashumi ezigidigidi zamaphawundi unyaka ngamunye, ngokusho kukahulumeni.

U-Biltcliffe nabanye abaqashi baphikisa ngokuthi izinguquko akumele zenziwe kuphela ekuqeqeshweni kwangemva kokuphuma kwesikole, kodwa nasezikoleni ngokwazo, zona kanye nabanye abakhankasi bezemfundo abazigxekayo ngokuqhubeka nokugqugquzela ukukhumbula izivivinyo ngokulahlekelwa ukucabanga kokudala nokufunda ngokwenza.

I-Edge Foundation, efuna ukuthuthukisa ubudlelwano phakathi kwezemfundo nabaqashi, ithi isikhathi sezifundo ezifana nekhompyutha nomsebenzi wesayensi esisebenzayo sincishiwe kule minyaka eyishumi edlule, nokuthi bancane ngo-71% ​​abafundi abafunde izifundo zokuklama nezobuchwepheshe ukuze bafinyelele ezingeni lezivivinyo ngo-2022 kune ngo-2010.

Izifundo ezibone ukwanda okukhulu kule minyaka eyishumi edlule zifaka phakathi indawo nomlando.

Ngaphandle kokugxila ezivivinyweni, cishe abantu abayizi-100,000 bashiya isikole minyaka yonke ngaphandle kwezindinganiso ezidingekayo zesiNgisi nezibalo futhi iBrithani inezinga eliphezulu kakhulu lentsha engafundanga, ukuqashwa noma ukuqeqeshwa phakathi kwezomnotho ezihamba phambili emhlabeni.

“Asicishe senze kahle ku-50% wabafundi abaqeda isikole abangayi emanyuvesi njengoba senza kwabafundayo,” kusho uHunt ngoJanuwari.

Ephendula umbuzo ovela kwaReuters mayelana nedatha ye-Edge Foundation, uMnyango wezeMfundo uthe zonke izikole ezixhaswe nguhulumeni “zidingekile ukufundisa ikharikhulamu ebanzi nebhalansi.”

Ukuqeqeshwa kabusha

Ngaphandle kokulungiswa ngokushesha kohlelo lokuqeqesha, inqwaba yabantu abadala baseBrithani abanekhono lingase linciphe nakakhulu uma liqhathaniswa namanye amazwe, i-OECD ixwayise.

Amaqembu abaqashi acela uHunt ukuthi abhekane nengxenye ebalulekile yokuthi ukuqeqeshwa kuxhaswa kanjani enkulumweni yakhe yesabelomali.

Kusukela ngo-2017, amafemu anenkokhelo yonyaka engaphezu kukapondo wezigidi ezintathu kudingeke ukuthi akhokhe I-Apprenticeship Levy – intela efakwa esikhwameni izinkampani ezingasebenzisa kuso ukuze ziqeqeshwe.

Abaqashi bathi ngokuvamile abakwazi ukuthola izifundo ezifanele zokuqeqesha, futhi ngaphezu kwezigidigidi ezi-2 zamapondo ezimali ezingasetshenzisiwe eziqoqwe ziye zafakwa esikhwameni sikahulumeni.

Umbiko weHouse of Commons Library uthe ngoJanuwari uhulumeni uvumile ukuthi sehlile isibalo sabantu abafunda umsebenzi selokhu kwethulwa intela, kodwa wathi izinga lokufundela umsebenzi selithuthukile.

I-Confederation of British Industry, okuyiqembu labamele amabhizinisi, ifuna u-Hunt avumele amafemu ukuthi atshale imali ochungechungeni olubanzi lokuqeqeshwa, hhayi nje ukufundela umsebenzi, icaphuna olwalo ucwaningo olubikezela abasebenzi abayisishiyagalolunye kwabayi-10 baseBrithani abazodinga ukuthi baphinde baqeqeshe ngo-2030 ukuze bazivumelanise nezimo. izinguquko emnothweni.

UMgcinimafa uthe ngoMgqibelo uHunt uzomemezela ukuqeqeshwa kwabantu abadala ababuyela emsebenzini okuzoba lula futhi kube kufushane kunezinye izinhlelo, okuhambisana nokunwetshwa kohlelo lokuqalwa kabusha kwamakhono ezimbonini ezifana nezokwakha nezobuchwepheshe.

Abaholi bezinkampani bayavuma ukuthi abaqashi nabo kudingeka benze okwengeziwe bona, futhi bakubeke phambili ukuqeqeshwa ngisho nangezikhathi ezinzima.

“Ukuqeqeshwa yinto yokuqala ehambayo lapho isabelomali sincishiswa,” kusho uRobert West, inhloko yezemfundo namakhono e-CBI.

Amabala akhanyayo

KwaWebmart – enabasebenzi abangu-43 kanye nokudayiswa kwaminyaka yonke okungamaphawundi ayizigidi ezingu-20 – u-Biltcliffe uthi ukuthola abaqashi abasha ngokushesha endleleni yokusebenzelana namakhasimende noma ukuhlangabezana nezikhathi ezimisiwe kusebenza njengebhuleki ngesikhathi lapho izidingo zikhula ngokushesha.

“Usehlisa ijubane kakhulu ukuze uhambe ngesivinini sohlelo lwezemfundo,” esho ngenkampani yakhe, eyaqala njengefemu yokuphatha amaphrinta ngo-1996.

U-Olly Newton, oyisikhulu esiphezulu se-Edge Foundation, uthi zikhona izindawo eziqhakazile, okuhlanganisa nezikole ezizama imibono emisha.

“Ngicabanga ukuthi kukhona inhloko yangempela yokwenza okuthile okuhlukile,” kusho uNewton.

Esinye isikole esinjalo yi-XP exhaswa umphakathi e-Doncaster, amakhilomitha angu-20 ukusuka e-Barnsley.

Izingane ezijoyina i-XP zineminyaka engu-11 ngokushesha zithatha uhambo lokuya ezintabeni zase-England noma e-Wales ukuze zifunde ukubhekana nezinselele ezintsha kanye nokubaluleka kokusebenzisana.

Igqugquzelwa izikole zokufunda ezisekelwe kumaphrojekthi e-United States, i-XP ithumela abafundi ngaphandle kwamakilasi ukuze bambe ezindabeni ezifana nokufuduka noma umthelela wokuvalwa kwemboni yezimayini yendawo, edinga ukuthi bahlanganyele nabantu abadala futhi baqonde umhlaba obazungezile.

“Abafundi bethu babona kahle kakhulu kunabantu abadala abaningi,” kusho uClaira Salter, uthishanhloko we-XP. “Abafundi bethu bangangena kunoma iyiphi inhlolokhono ngokuzethemba futhi bakhulume ngabo.”

Ngesikhathi beshiya i-XP beneminyaka eyi-16, bonke abafundi sebenolwazi lokukhuluma namaqembu abantu abangama-250 ngomsebenzi wabo.

Ngonyaka odlule, bonke abafundi abangu-50 abathweswe iziqu ku-XP bahlala emfundweni noma bangena emsebenzini noma ekuqeqesheni kuyilapho i-Doncaster ingekho kwezemfundo, ukuqashwa noma izinga lokuqeqeshwa kwabaneminyaka engu-16-17 ubudala lalicishe libe ku-5% ekuqaleni kuka-2022. “Sinentshisekelo empeleni ezintweni eziqhubeka ngale kwempilo ejwayelekile yesikole nokuhlomisa izingane ngekusasa lazo,” kusho uSalter.

– AmaReuters