Iminyuziyamu emikhulu emhlabeni wonke ihlela kabusha ngokuthula imisebenzi ukusuka eRussia ukuya e-Ukraine

Ibhalwe ngu U-Tim Lister, CNN

I-Metropolitan Museum of Art eNew York ihlele kabusha buthule eminye yemidwebo yayo. Abaculi ababili, abake babizwa ngokuthi isiRashiya, manje bahlukaniswa njenge-Ukrainian futhi umdwebo we-French Impressionist u-Edgar Degas uqanjwe kabusha usuka ku-“Russian Dancer” waba “Dancer in Ukraine Dress.”

Komunye wesifazane waseKyiv, e-Ukraine, lezi zinguquko ziwubufakazi bohlobo oluthile. U-Oksana Semenik, intatheli nosomlando, ubelokhu eqhuba umkhankaso wezinyanga zonke wokunxenxa izikhungo zase-United States ukuthi zibhale kabusha imisebenzi yobuciko yomlando akholelwa ukuthi yethulwa ngokungeyikho njengesiRashiya.

Ku-Met, bahlanganisa umsebenzi ka-Ilya Repin no-Arkhip Kuindzhi, amaciko ulimi lwawo lwebele lwaluwu-Ukrainian futhi abonisa izigcawu eziningi zase-Ukraine, ngisho noma isifunda sasiyingxenye yombuso waseRussia osukwini lwazo.

Phinda uphindweumdwebi odumile wekhulu le-19 owazalelwa endaweni manje ebizwa ngokuthi i-Ukraine, ubhalwe kabusha kukhathalogi ye-Met ngokuthi “UMbuso WaseRussia Wase-Ukrainian, owazalelwa eRussia” lapho kuqalwa incazelo ngayinye yemisebenzi yakhe manje efundwayo, “U-Repin wazalelwa endaweni yasemaphandleni yase-Ukraine. Idolobha laseChuhuiv (Chuguev) ngenkathi liyingxenye yoMbuso WaseRussia.”
Ku-akhawunti kaSemenik ye-Twitter, Umlando Wezobuciko wase-Ukraineenabalandeli abangaphezu kwe-17,000, wabhala ukuthi “All [Repin’s] izindawo ezidumile zazimayelana ne-Ukraine, iDnipro, namaqele. Kodwa futhi ngabantu base-Ukraine. ”
"Umdansi nge-Ukrainian Dress" ngu-Edgar Degas (1899).

“Umdansi Wezingubo Zase-Ukraine” ngu-Edgar Degas (1899). Ikhredithi: Kusuka ku-Met

Omunye wabantu ababephila ngesikhathi sikaRepin, uKuindzhi wazalelwa eMariupol ngo-1842 lapho idolobha lase-Ukraine laliyingxenye yoMbuso WaseRussia, ubuzwe bakhe nabo bubuyekeziwe. Umbhalo we-Kuindzhi othi “Red Sunset” ku-Met ubuyekeziwe ukuze ufake phakathi ukuthi “ngoMashi 2022, i-Kuindzhi Art Museum e-Mariupol, e-Ukraine, yacekelwa phansi esitelekeni sezindiza sase-Russia.”

Mayelana nenqubo yakamuva yokubhala kabusha amalebula, i-Met itshele i-CNN esitatimendeni ukuthi isikhungo, “sihlala sicwaninga futhi sihlola izinto eziseqoqweni laso ukuze sithole indlela efanelekile nenembile yokubeka ikhathalogi nokuzethula. ibuyekeziwe kulandela ucwaningo olwenziwa ngokubambisana nezifundiswa kulo mkhakha.”

Emuva ngoJanuwari, lapho ebuzwa ngomsebenzi we-Degas, manje obizwa ngokuthi “Dancer in Ukraine Dress,” umkhulumeli watshela uSemenik ukuthi “baphezu kwenqubo yokucwaninga okuthiwa yi-Degas Russian Dancers, ngokubambisana nezifundiswa kulo mkhakha, futhi. ukuthola indlela efanele nenembayo kakhulu yokwethula umsebenzi.

“Siyayithokozela imininingwane evela kubavakashi. Impendulo yakho ebalulekile inomthelela kule nqubo.”

Umsebenzi womuntu siqu

USemenik utshele i-CNN ukuthi udlulise intukuthelo yakhe mayelana nokuhlasela kweRussia emizamweni yakhe yokuhlonza nokukhuthaza ubuciko befa lase-Ukraine, esebenzisa i-akhawunti yakhe ye-Twitter ukuze abonise ubuciko base-Ukraine emhlabeni wonke.

USemenik naye unenhlanhla ngokuphila. Wavaleleka endaweni engaphansi kweKyiv eBucha amasonto njengoba amasosha aseRussia echitha le ndawo ngoMashi odlule, ecashe ngaphansi kwenkulisa ngaphambi kokuba ahambe amakhilomitha angaba ngu-12 beya endaweni ephephile nomyeni wakhe kanye nekati labo bedonsa kanzima.

Uqale umkhankaso wakhe ngemuva kokuvakashela eNyuvesi yaseRutgers eNew Jersey ngonyaka odlule. Ngenkathi esiza abalondolozi lapho, wamangala ukubona amaciko ayehlale ewabheka njengama-Ukraine abhalwe ngokuthi isiRashiya.

"Abadansi base-Ukraine" ngu-Edgar Degas (1899).

“Abadansi base-Ukraine” ngu-Edgar Degas (1899). Ikhredithi: Kusuka ku-National Portrait Gallery

“Ngabona ukuthi abaculi abaningi base-Ukraine babekhona eqoqweni laseRussia. Ku-900 okuthiwa abaculi baseRussia, abangu-70 babengabase-Ukraine kanti abangu-18 bavela kwamanye amazwe, “kusho yena.

USemenik wafunda amaqoqo e-US – e-Met and the Museum of Modern Art e-New York nase-Philadelphia – futhi wathola iphethini efanayo: Abaculi base-Ukraine nezigcawu ezibhalwe ngokuthi isiRashiya.

Futhi waqala ukubhalela iminyuziyamu nemipheme. Ukuqala ngezimpendulo bekuyi-pro forma, ukungazibophezeli. “Ngabe ngithukuthele kakhulu,” kusho yena. Kwalandela inkhulumomphendvulwano eyathatha izinyanga nabaqaphi.

Ividiyo ehlobene: Bona uhambo olumangalisayo lokukhipha lo msebenzi wobuciko e-Ukraine

‘Kungani engumRashiya emhlabeni?’

I-Semenik ayilona izwi elilodwa, nabanye abantu base-Ukraine benza izingcingo zabo zomphakathi zoshintsho. Ngonyaka odlule, u-Olesya Khromeychuk, umfowabo owabulawa elwa phambili empumalanga ye-Ukraine ngo-2017, wabhala ephephandabeni laseJalimane i-Der Spiegel ukuthi “lonke uhambo oluya egalari noma emnyuziyamu eLondon elinemibukiso yobuciko noma i-cinema evela eSoviet Union kuveza ngamabomu noma Ukuchazwa kabi kwesifunda njengeRussia eyodwa engapheli; kufana nomongameli wamanje weRussian Federation angathanda ukukubona. ”

Njengoba ingcindezi ikhuphuka evela ezifundweni eziningana zase-Ukraine, I-National Gallery eLondon yashintsha isihloko seminye yemisebenzi yayo yakwa-Edgar Degas, “Abadansi BaseRussia,” ebonisa abesifazane ababili abagqoke amaribhoni aphuzi nokuluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka, imibala yezwe lase-Ukraine, yaba “Abadansi base-Ukraine.” Lesi sikhungo satshela i-Guardian ngo-Ephreli wonyaka odlule ukuthi “kwakuyisikhathi esifanele sokubuyekeza isihloko somdwebo ukuze sibonise kangcono isihloko somdwebo.”

USemenik uthi usacindezela iMuseum of Modern Art eNew York, lapho okhulumela i-CNN etshela i-CNN ukuthi bayalwamukela ulwazi mayelana nayo yonke imisebenzi eqoqweni. “Izincazelo zobuzwe zingaba yinkimbinkimbi kakhulu, ikakhulukazi lapho senza izichasiselo zangemva kokufa, umkhulumeli uthe. “Sisebenzisa izinqubo ezingcono kakhulu zocwaningo futhi sisondela ezincazelweni ngokuzwela ubuzwe obuqoshiwe bomculi lapho efa noma ezalwa, ukufuduka kanye namandla okuthuthela kwelinye izwe, kanye nokushintsha. imingcele ye-geo-politiki.”

"Ukushona kwelanga elibomvu" ngu-Arhyp Kuindzhi (1905-8).

“Red Sunset” ngu-Arhyp Kuindzhi (1905-8). Ikhredithi: Kusuka ku-Met

USemenik angathanda ukubona isibuyekezo esenziwe olwazini olumayelana no-Alexandra Exter, osohlwini lwesiRashiya kuwebhusayithi ye-MoMA.

“Wahlala eMoscow kusukela ngo-1920 kwaze kwaba ngu-1924. Wahlala e-Ukraine kusukela ngo-1885-1920, okuyiminyaka engu-35 futhi eFrance iminyaka engu-25.

“Kungani engumRashiya emhlabeni?” wathi.

Ngokusho kukaSemenik, umkhankaso wakhe udonse ukuhlukunyezwa okuningi ku-inthanethi kubantu baseRussia, kodwa ukuthatha njengokuncoma okungemuva. Emehlweni akhe, umsebenzi wakhe isenzo sakhe siqu sokumelana nokuhlasela kweRussia.

Kusekude ukuhanjwa, kusho uSemenik. Kunenqwaba yezincwadi ezimayelana nobuciko baseRussia kanye nezifundo eziningi ze-Russian Studies emanyuvesi ase-US, kodwa ukufunda okuncane kakhulu kwefa lobuciko lase-Ukraine.

USemenik ukholelwa ukuthi isipiliyoni sakhe esinzima ekuqaleni kokuhlasela sibhebhezela ukuzimisela kwakhe.

Manje njengoba izinze kabusha e-Kyiv, uSemenik uhlola ukuthi inhlekelele yenuzi yaseChernobyl ibe nomthelela kanjani kwezobuciko base-Ukraine. Kodwa futhi uyaqhubeka nokuqoqa amaqoqo obuciko asentshonalanga ukuze abone ifa lobuciko elihlukile lase-Ukraine, ngokuphikelela okuthulile osekusizile kakade ekuguquleni imiqondo ku-Met enamandla.