I-Drone Ehlola Insimbi Ingathola Ngokuzenzakalelayo Amabhomu Agqitshwayo

Ukuthola insimbi kungaba umsebenzi wokuzilibazisa ojabulisayo, noma kungaba umsebenzi okufanele uqedwe ngokuzimisela okukhulu—uma umcebo ongcwatshiwe owufunayo uhlanganisa amabhomu agqitshwayo kanye nezinsalela zempi eziqhumayo. Lena inkinga enkulu, eyingozi: Okuthile okufana namakhilomitha-skwele ayi-12,000 emhlabeni jikelele akunamsebenzi futhi akuhlali muntu ngenxa yosongo lweziqhumane ezigqitshiwe, kanye nezinkulungwane nezinkulungwane zabantu. bayalimala noma babulawe minyaka yonke.

Nakuba kunezindlela eziningi ezahlukene zokuthola izimayini neziqhumane, ayikho kuzo eshesha kakhulu noma elula. Ngezizathu ezisobala, ukuthumela umuntu endaweni enamabhomu ngomtshina wensimbi akuyona indlela ephephe kunazo zonke yokwenza izinto. Ngakho, esikhundleni salokho, abantu bathumela noma yini enye abangangakwazi, ukusuka kuyo imishini ekwazi ukubhodloza izinkundla zamabhomu ngamandla anonya ku amagundane aqeqeshwe kahle ezithatha indlela yokungenzi lutho ngokuhogela amakhemikhali aqhumayo.


Ngenxa yokuthi izimayini eziningi zibangelwa ingcindezi noma ukuba seduze okuqondile, indiza edonsa kanzima ibonakala sengathi iyona ndlela ekahle yokuzibona zingaqhumi. Kodwa-ke, ngaphandle uma ubheka endaweni eyisicaba kuphela (futhi mhlawumbe ngisho nangaleso sikhathi) umtshina wakho ngeke ubekwe ngendlela efanelekile isikhathi esiningi, futhi ungase ugeje okuthile, okungeyona inketho esebenzisekayo yokutholwa kwemayini.

Kodwa manje inhlanganisela yenoveli yomtshina wensimbi kanye ne-drone enamazinga amahlanu enkululeko isathuthukiswa I-Autonomous Systems Lab e-ETH Zurich. Ingase inikeze isixazululo esisebenzayo ekutholweni okukude kwamabhomu agqitshwayo, ngokusebenzisa inzwa ngokucophelela nokwenziwa kwasendaweni kanye namanye amamotho asontekayo ukuze kugcinwe umtshina useduze ngokuthembekile phansi.

Ingxenye ekhohlisayo yale nto yonke ukwenza isiqiniseko sokuthi umtshina wensimbi uhlala endaweni ofanele uma kuqhathaniswa nendawo ephansi ukuze kungabikho ukucwiliswa ekusebenzeni kwawo. Nge-drone evamile, lokhu bekungeke kusebenze nhlobo, ngoba ngaso sonke isikhathi uma i-drone iya kunoma iyiphi indlela kodwa phezulu noma phansi, kufanele itsheke, okuzophinde itshekise noma yini enamathiselwe kuyo. Ngaphandle uma ufuna ukukhweza umtshina wakho wensimbi kolunye uhlobo (okungenzeka luyinkimbinkimbi futhi olusindayo) lwesistimu ye-gimbal, udinga i-drone engahumusha indawo yayo ngaphandle kokutsheka, futhi ngokujabulisayo, i-drone enjalo ayikho nje kuphela kodwa itholakala ngokuthengisa.

I-drone esetshenziswe kulolu cwaningo yenziwe inkampani ebizwa ngokuthi Voliro, futhi iyi-tricopter esebenzisa ama-thruster nacelles ajikelezayo ahamba ngaphandle komzimba we-drone. Kungase kungakushaqisi ukuzwa ukuthi uVoriro (obenakho, esikhathini esidlule, wenza amarobhothi endizayo ayinqaba ngempela) iyisiqalo esinezimpande zayo ku-Autonomous Systems Lab e-ETH Zurich, indawo efanayo lapho ucwaningo lwe-drone ehlola imayini lwenzeka khona.

Ngakho-ke, njengoba manje usunendiza engenazindiza ekwazi ukwenza umtshina wakho wensimbi usebenze, udinga ukuklama isistimu yokulawula eyenza isebenze ngokuzijwayeza. Isistimu idinga ukwazi ukushayela i-drone endaweni eyi-3D engakaze iyibone ngaphambilini futhi engafaka phakathi izithiyo. Okwamanje, kufanele ibeke phambili ukuqondanisa komtshina. Abacwaningi bahlanganisa i-GPS nezilinganiso zangaphakathi ezivela kusivalo esibekwe ku-drone ukuze bathole isikhundla esiphelele kanye nokulinganisa kombuso, bese behlela ngokuzimele futhi basebenzise “umzila wokumboza we-boustrophedon” endaweni yonke ethakaselwayo. “I-Boustrophedon,” okungelona igama engangilazi ukuthi lalikhona kuze kube kulo mzuzu nje, libhekisela kokuthile (okuvame ukubhala) lapho eminye imigqa ihlehliswa khona (futhi ifakwe isibuko). Ngakho, kwesokudla kuya kwesokunxele, bese kwesokunxele kuya kwesokudla.

Ukuhlola okuhloswe nge-metallic (okungaqhumi) kubonise ukuthi le sistimu yenza kahle kakhulu, ngisho nasezindaweni ezinezithiyo, ukuvaleka okungaphezulu, kanye nomthambeka omkhulu. Ukuthi ekugcineni kuyasiza noma cha kuzodinga uphenyo olwengeziwe, kodwa ngenxa yokuthi inkundla ngokwayo iyi-hardware yezohwebo engaphandle kweshalofu, kunesikhala esithe xaxa sokuba nethemba kunalokho okungahle kube khona.

Iphepha locwaningo, “Resilient Terrain Navigation with a 5 DOF Metal Detector Drone” nguPatrick Pfreundschuh, Rik Bähnemann, Tim Kazik, Thomas Mantel, Roland Siegwart, kanye no-Olov Andersson abavela I-Autonomous Systems Lab e-ETH Zurichizokwethulwa ngoMeyi e-ICRA 2023 eLondon.

Kusuka Ezindaweni Zakho Zesayithi

Izihloko Ezihlobene Kuwebhu