I-Nevado del Ruiz: Intaba-mlilo e-Colombia ingase iqhume ‘ezinsukwini’. Kodwa ingxenye encane kuphela yabantu bendawo eye yaphuma


Bogota, Colombia
CNN

Amakhulu emindeni phakathi eColombia babhekene nokukhetha: ukushiya amakhaya abo kanye nezindlela zokuziphilisa, noma babhekane nencithakalo yokuqhuma kwentaba-mlilo okwabikezelwa emasontweni ezayo.

Intaba-mlilo iNevado del Ruiz, enye yeziqongo eziphakeme kakhulu zaseColombia, ihlezi endaweni yokulima enabantu abaningi futhi idume kabi ngokubulala amashumi ezinkulungwane zabantu ekuqhumeni okukhulu kokuqhuma kuka-1985.

Kusukela ngo-March 30, intaba-mlilo ibilokhu iqaphile, okubonisa ukuthi “ngokunokwenzeka ukuqhuma kungase kungakapheli izinsuku noma amasonto,” ngokwe-Geological Service yaseColombia.

Amadolobha namadolobhana azungeze intaba acelwe ukuba aphume, iziphathimandla zendawo nezwe zimemezele isimo esiphuthumayo. Izikole eziningi eziseduze sezibuyele ezinhlelweni zokufunda zasekhaya zesikhathi sobhubhane kanti omasipala bendawo baqoqa izinsiza zokusiza kuqala.

Ngomhla zi-5 kuMbasa, uMongameli waseColombia uGustavo Petro wayala ukuthi kukhishwe ngokuzithandela imindeni ebalelwa ku-2,500 500 endaweni njengesinyathelo sokuzivikela, kodwa abantu abaningi bendawo benqabile, bethi bakhathazeke kakhulu ngokushiya izimpilo zabo kanye nempahla yabo ngemuva kunokugeleza kodaka olungase lube khona.

Intaba-mlilo i-Nevado del Ruiz ikhipha ifu lomlotha eMurillo, eMnyangweni waseTolima, e-Colombia ngo-Ephreli 7, 2023.

Yize kungacaci ukuthi mingaki imindeni eseyiphumile, umqondisi wophiko lwezokuvikela umphakathi eTolima uLuis Fernando Velez utshele iphephandaba lendawo i-El Tiempo ngoLwesine ukuthi yingxenyana encane kuphela – abantu abangama-87 kuphela – abashiye amakhaya abo ngaphansi kweso lezinhlaka zakhe.

Imithambeka yeNevado del Ruiz, ephakathi kwezifundazwe zaseTolima naseCaldas enkabeni yeColombia, iyizinkundla ezivundile kubalimi bendawo, abathi ukushiya izinkomo zabo ngemuva kungabalimaza.

Uhulumeni wasekhaya esifundazweni saseTolima umemezele izinhlelo zokususa izinkomo ezifika ku-12,000, kwezingaphezu kuka-43,000.

Omar Valdes, unobhala kaTolima wezokuthuthukiswa kwezindawo zasemakhaya kanye nesiphathamandla sokuthuthwa kwezinkomo, uthe abalimi bayawuphikisa umyalelo wokukhishwa kwezinkomo ngenxa yezinto ezimbi ezenzeka phambilini.

“Ezikhathini ezedlule bake baphuma, izikhukhula [caused by the volcano] awazange aphazamise amapulazi abo kwathi uma sebebuya abalimi bathola ukuthi kwebiwe impahla nezinkomo eziningi,” echaza.

Ukuqhuma kwentaba-mlilo yaseRuiz kungaba yingozi kakhulu, ngokusho kososayensi be-Global Volcanism Programme ye-Smithsonian Institute, ngoba ungqimba lweqhwa neqhwa. Lapho kuhlangana nodaka, iqhwa nobubi kwakuncibilika ngaso leso sikhathi, kukhukhule emithambekeni yentaba izikhukhula zodaka ezibizwa ngokuthi ama-lahar.

Inhlekelele enjalo yehlela ngo-November 13, 1985, ukuqhuma kokugcina okukhulu kwentaba-mlilo, eyaziwa ngokuhlanganyela eColombia ngokuthi i-Armero Tragedy. Kuleso senzakalo, ngemva kwamahora ambalwa intaba-mlilo yaseRuiz iqalile ukuqhuma, umfula onodaka, amadwala, udaka, namanzi aneqhwa wakhukhula edolobheni elincane lase-Armero. Lesi sikhukhula sibulale abantu abangaphezu kuka-23,000 ngemizuzu nje embalwa.

Izakhamuzi eziningi zendawo zisakukhumbula ukuhlukumezeka kwangalolo suku, kodwa bambalwa abazimisele ukugembula izimpilo zabo ngezixwayiso zezazi zokwakheka komhlaba kuphela. Yona leyo ntaba-mlilo yaqhuma ngo-2012 ngaphandle kwesizathu noma yikuphi ukufa.

Nakuba u-Tolima no-Caldas beyingxenye yesifunda esicebe kakhulu esilinywa ikhofi e-Colombia, umsebenzi omningi wezomnotho uqhutshwa abalimi abasafufusa abanenani elilinganiselwe lezilwane futhi abavame ukulima iziqephu ezincane zomhlaba futhi labo izinkomo nezinto zokulima abazinika zona. ezabo ziyimpahla eyigugu kakhulu.

Nakuba intaba-mlilo eqhuma ngokwandayo igadwa nsuku zonke ngama-probes amaningi, akunakwenzeka ukubikezela ukuthi izoqhuma yini, ingasaphathwa eyokuthi izoqhuma nini. Noma kunjalo, zikhona izimpawu ezikhathazayo.

“Njengamanje, intaba-mlilo ikhipha umusi, umlotha, amagesi, futhi eduze nomgodi kube nezinga eliphezulu lokuzamazama komhlaba,” kusho uLuis Fernando Velasco, uMqondisi wophiko lwe-UNGRD e-Colombia, esitatimendeni sevidiyo ngesonto eledlule.

Muva nje, umhlaba ozungeze intaba-mlilo uye wanyakaziswa amakhulukhulu, ngezinye izikhathi izinkulungwane zokundindizela okuncane ngosuku. Futhi ngoLwesihlanu, ikholomu yomlotha nentuthu evela entaba-mlilo ikhuphukele esibhakabhakeni ngaphezu kwamamitha angu-1500 (cishe amamitha angu-5000), ngokombiko we-Colombian Geological Service.